– The Frontal Lobes
The frontal lobes have been termed the “executive” of the brain. This is where all of our higher-level thinking goes on. They allow us to:
– Reason logically
– Make decisions
– Plan and organise
– Exercise good judgement
– Monitor or manage our actions
It is considered to be the home of our personality and the control centre for our emotions and behaviour. The frontal lobes allow us to apply our knowledge and adapt our behaviour so that it is appropriate to the situation we are in. The frontal lobes also contain the motor cortex, a vital part of the brain system controlling movement.
The frontal lobes are extremely vulnerable to injury due to their position at the front of the skull. Studies have found that the frontal area is the most common region of injury, even following mild brain injury. Damage to this area can cause myriad cognitive problems and can dramatically change social behaviour and personality. Physical problems can include the loss of fine movements, lack of strength in the arms, hands and fingers, little spontaneous facial expression or difficulty in speaking.